The common misconception is that sugar consumption causes diabetes. However, managing sugar intake is only crucial for those diagnosed with diabetes. For those without diabetes, sugar intake alone does not lead to the illness. Diabetes results from problems with insulin production and supply in the body. Glucose, a form of sugar, is derived from the food we eat, and the body uses it as a source of energy to power muscles and other tissues. Failure to treat diabetes can result in severe heart problems, such as cardiovascular disease (CVD), heart disease, peripheral artery disease (PAD), and stroke.
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition that leads to a high level of sugar (glucose) in the blood, caused by the body's inability to respond to insulin correctly. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas, but when you have type 2 diabetes, your fat, liver, and muscle cells are resistant to it. This leads to hyperglycemia, a condition where the blood sugar level is elevated. Genetics and family history are contributing factors to the development of type 2 diabetes, while a sedentary lifestyle, poor diet, and excess body weight around the waist increase the likelihood of developing the disease.
Diabetes can often go undiagnosed, but there are some warning signs that can indicate the condition. These signs include increased or extreme thirst, increased appetite, increased fatigue, unusual weight loss, blurred vision, and sores that do not heal. If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to consult a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment.
It should be noted that while the points mentioned can contribute to the development of type 2 diabetes, the exact cause is still not fully understood. Factors such as genetics, autoimmune disorders, and environmental triggers may also play a role in the development of diabetes.
To manage diabetes, lifestyle changes and medication are required as it is a chronic disease. The main aim of treatment is to keep blood sugar levels near normal. Treatment options for both type 1 and type 2 diabetes include:
Medications such as Metformin and Insulin
Regular physical activity
At Max Hospital, one of the top heart hospitals in Delhi, our expert heart specialists offer diabetes management, cholesterol treatment through medications and consultations.
Amar Jain Hospital offers a second opinion service for the treatment and management of type 1 & 2 diabetes. Our team of experts specializes in addressing all your diabetes-related concerns and queries.
Type 2 diabetes can largely be prevented through lifestyle changes and small amounts of weight loss. Research studies have found that a 5-10% weight loss through lifestyle interventions, including diet and moderate-intensity physical activity, can reduce the development of diabetes by 40% to 60% over 3 to 6 years. For those who already have diabetes, healthy food choices, regular exercise, stress reduction, and medical treatment are crucial for managing the condition. Small amounts of weight loss can also help keep blood sugar levels in a healthy range and decrease the need for medication. It's important to promptly seek medical attention for any wounds or blisters on the feet, which could be a diabetic foot ulcer. Max Hospital provides treatment for diabetic foot ulcers.