Coronary arteries play a crucial role in the circulatory system by carrying oxygen and vital nutrients to the heart. However, coronary heart disease can occur when these arteries become severely narrowed or blocked, leading to a lack of blood flow and oxygen to the heart muscle. This can cause chest pain, shortness of breath, or even a heart attack.
Heart Bypass Surgery, also known as Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG), is a surgical procedure that aims to improve blood flow to the heart by bypassing the blocked or narrowed arteries. During the operation, a surgeon will take blood vessels from another part of the patient's body, usually the leg or chest, and graft them onto the coronary arteries beyond the blockage.
This graft creates a new path for blood to flow, bypassing the blocked or narrowed section of the artery. If multiple arteries are blocked, multiple bypass grafts may be needed to restore healthy blood flow to the heart muscle.
Heart Bypass Surgery is typically performed under general anesthesia and requires a hospital stay of several days. Patients will need to follow a strict recovery plan, including taking medication, engaging in physical therapy, and making necessary lifestyle changes to ensure a successful recovery and prevent further heart-related complications.
Overall, Heart Bypass Surgery is a proven and effective treatment for coronary heart disease and can greatly improve a patient's quality of life by restoring healthy blood flow to the heart.