Bariatric weight loss surgery is a highly effective treatment for patients with morbid obesity, offering significant improvements in related conditions such as type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, joint pain, sleep disorders like sleep apnea, heart disease, infertility, and more.
Bariatric weight loss surgery is typically performed using minimally invasive laparoscopic techniques, allowing patients to begin walking on the same day as the procedure with less pain and faster recovery times. This type of surgery works by restricting the amount of food the stomach can hold, leading to decreased absorption and weight loss. Common bariatric surgery options include gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy, minigastric bypass, and gastric bands.
The ideal candidates for bariatric weight loss surgery are individuals with a BMI over 32.5 who have associated conditions such as diabetes, hypertension, osteoarthritis, or obstructive sleep apnea. Those with a BMI over 37.5, with or without associated illnesses, may also be suitable candidates. Additionally, candidates who have not benefitted from weight loss management techniques and those who experience discomfort while performing routine activities due to excess weight may be eligible for bariatric surgery.
The Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB) is one of the most commonly performed and successful weight loss procedures, often considered the "Gold Standard" of bariatric surgery. This procedure involves creating a small stomach pouch to restrict food intake and facilitate smaller meals, while bypassing a major portion of the stomach and part of the small intestine to reduce absorption of food and calories.
Sleeve gastrectomy is a weight loss surgery that involves removing 80% of the stomach, leaving behind a banana or sleeve-shaped pouch. This new stomach pouch restricts food intake, leading to weight loss. However, it is important to note that this procedure is not reversible, as a significant portion of the stomach is removed, and the remaining pouch can stretch over time with overeating.
Bariatric weight loss surgery can help individuals lose around 60 to 80% of excess body weight at a rate of approximately 6 kilograms per month. The weight loss achieved through this procedure is typically sustained over the long term.
While uncommon, it's important to be aware of potential risks associated with bariatric weight loss surgery, including bleeding, anastomotic leaks, and blood clotting. Patients may also experience deficiencies in Vitamin B12 and other nutrients, but these can often be managed effectively by the treatment team. Regular follow-up appointments are crucial to preventing adverse outcomes and ensuring excellent results.
Eat small meals, Exercise regularly, Consume a nutritious and balanced diet and Do regular follow up with your surgeon