Cardiac arrhythmia is a condition caused by abnormalities in the heart's electrical activity, where the heart may beat too slowly, rapidly, irregularly or with extra beats. Arrhythmias can be classified based on where they originate, such as in the upper chambers (atrial arrhythmias) or the lower chambers (ventricular arrhythmias). Atrial arrhythmias include paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia, atrial flutter, atrial fibrillation, and ectopic atrial tachycardia. Ventricular arrhythmias include ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation.
Arrhythmia may cause symptoms such as palpitations, lightheadedness, loss of consciousness, chest pain, and shortness of breath, especially in patients with structural heart disease.
Cardiac arrhythmias can occur suddenly without any warning signs and can happen in people with normal heart function, such as A-V nodal reentrant tachycardia, pre-excitation syndrome, fascicular ventricular tachycardia, RVOT tachycardia, and tachycardias related to channelopathies. These arrhythmias can lead to sudden cardiac death. Additionally, patients with underlying medical conditions such as coronary artery disease, hypertension, diabetes-induced heart disease, congenital heart disease, rheumatic heart disease, and valvular heart disease are also at risk for arrhythmia. As the cardiac muscle weakens in these conditions, the risk of arrhythmia and subsequent cardiac arrest increases.
Amar Jain Hospital of Heart and Vascular Sciences (MIHVS) is a state-of-the-art tertiary care center that offers cutting-edge cardiac care programs and treatment options to patients. Our facility is equipped with advanced technology and procedures to provide alternative treatments for end-stage heart failure patients, such as Pacemaker, ACD, CRT, Heart Hole surgeries (ASD, VSD, PDA), Paediatric Cardiac Surgery, Angioplasty/Angiography, and more.
Our institute is a one-stop destination for various kinds of cardiac treatments, including invasive and interventional cardiology, electrophysiology, pacemaker and arrhythmia services, management of abdominal and descending thoracic aneurysm, and varicose veins. We have a team of highly qualified and experienced cardiologists who specialize in the management of arrhythmia, which has become a major subspecialty in cardiology due to its complex causes and mechanisms, including genetic abnormalities.
At MIHVS, our electrophysiologists treat arrhythmia using a range of tools and techniques, including Antiarrhythmic agents, Automated External Defibrillator, CCBs, Cardioversion, Catheter Ablation, and other amenities. Our facility is equipped with state-of-the-art Cath Labs, operation theatres, ICU beds, and other cutting-edge technologies to provide the best possible care to our patients.
MIHVS uses a sophisticated 3-dimensional electroanatomical mapping system to treat complex arrhythmias, reducing X-ray exposure and enhancing success rates. Treatment options include medication, automated external defibrillator, calcium channel blockers, cardioversion, catheter ablation, and pacemaker insertion. Antiarrhythmics are used to treat heartbeat-related disorders, while CCBs help lower blood pressure and treat angina. Radiofrequency catheter ablation is a cure for many arrhythmias, including PSVT, WPW Syndrome Tachycardia, Atrial Flutter, Atrial Fibrillation, and some Ventricular Tachycardia in a normal heart, with a recurrence rate of only 1-2%. For bradyarrhythmias, implantable pacemakers are usually necessary.
MICC offers different types of gynecological cancer treatment, including surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. The extent of surgery depends on the type of cancer and the patient's health. Chemotherapy uses drugs to stop or slow the growth of cancer cells, and radiation therapy uses high-energy rays to kill cancer cells. The latest radiation therapy at MICC causes minimal side effects with high control.