Heart failure, or congestive heart failure, occurs when the heart muscles become weak or stiff and are unable to pump enough blood to meet the body's needs. It usually starts on the left side of the heart but can also affect both sides or develop suddenly due to heart muscle injury. Heart failure can progress over time as a complication of other heart conditions.
Congestive heart failure (CHF) can cause symptoms like difficulty breathing, fatigue, swelling in the legs and feet, abnormal heartbeats, coughing with foamy or bloody mucus, nighttime urination, fluid accumulation in the abdomen, sudden weight gain, nausea, reduced appetite, and difficulty concentrating. Heart failure severity is classified into four classes based on symptoms: Class I (no symptoms), Class II (fatigue with exertion), Class III (interrupts daily activities), and Class IV (severe symptoms at rest).
Heart failure can be caused by several factors, such as- Coronary artery disease High blood pressure Congenital heart disease Infections Long-term use of certain medications Drug abuse Genetic heart diseases Abnormal heartbeats Diabetes Thyroid diseases AIDS Accumulation of iron or proteins in the body Alcohol consumption Smoking Obesity
Types of heart failure are:
Left-sided heart failure: causes difficulty breathing
Right-sided heart failure: causes swelling, especially in the legs
Systolic heart failure: problems with blood pumping
Diastolic heart failure: problems with blood filling
At Max Hospitals, India, is a leading heart centre that offers treatment for various heart conditions including congenital heart disease, coronary artery disease, heart defects, and pulmonary heart failure.
The Institute has a team of renowned experts and advanced facilities such as operation theatres, catheterization labs, and other cardiac care technologies for effective surgical management of heart, lungs, and blood vessel diseases.
This offers various procedures such as angiography/angioplasty, cardiac surgery, ECMO, heart hole surgery, and vascular interventions, as well as services including arrhythmia management, cardiac health check-ups, and heart transplants.
amar Jain Hospital of Heart and Vascular Sciences provides top-notch treatment for heart issues, supported by modern diagnostic machines. Standard diagnostic tests we offer include: Medical history assessment Physical examination Blood tests Imaging tests (e.g., chest X-ray, CT scan, MRI) Electrocardiogram (ECG) Echocardiogram (ECHO) Stress test Coronary angiogram Biopsy Holter monitoring Cardiac catheterization.
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