Head and Neck cancer (H&N cancer) is a group of similar cancers that occur in the head and neck area, including the lip, oral cavity, nasal cavity, sinuses, pharynx, larynx, salivary glands, and thyroid. It is the sixth most common cancer worldwide, and 40% of all cancers in South East Asia. Symptoms vary depending on the site of origin, but patients often present with advanced disease due to a lack of early symptoms. People over 40 who use tobacco or alcohol should get screened annually. Symptoms that warrant a visit to a Head and Neck surgeon include non-healing sores or ulcers in the mouth or lip, white or red patches in the mouth, difficulty opening the mouth or protruding the tongue, earaches or headaches, difficulty swallowing or breathing, and swelling or lumps in the neck.
Amar Jain Hospital provides advanced cancer treatments using cutting-edge technology based on international standards. Quality care, support, and reassurance are the top priorities for our patients. To achieve the best results, cancer care requires medical professionals from different specialities to execute an individualized patient care plan collectively.
Our Head and Neck DMG (Disease Management Group), led by a dedicated and expert team of doctors, specializes in treating head and neck cancers. Our team includes head and neck surgeons, radiation oncologists, medical oncologists, plastic and reconstructive surgeons, maxillofacial surgeons, radiologists, pathologists, nuclear medicine specialists, speech and swallowing therapists, occupational therapist, nutritionists, prosthodontics, dentists, and rehabilitation specialists. The team provides targeted and personalized treatment for patients with benign and malignant head and neck tumours. By sitting together in a Head and Neck Tumor Board meeting, we discuss each case in detail to ensure the best treatment is provided, keeping in mind the specific requirements of each patient.
Amar Jain Hospital, specialized in cancer care, understands that every patient's disease is unique, and hence, the team of Oncology experts prepare a personalized treatment plan based on discussions in the Tumor Board. The Tumor Board consists of experts from Surgical Oncology, Radiation Oncology, Medical Oncology, Pathology, Imaging and related disciplines, who work together to provide the best possible treatment plan. The hospital is constantly reviewing and improving their protocols, and they encourage patient and caregiver participation to understand the disease and its treatment process better.
To diagnose Head & Neck Cancer, the examining clinician evaluates the medical history and performs a detailed physical examination. Additional diagnostic tests are conducted based on the suspected area. A biopsy (study of a tissue sample from the suspected area under the microscope) / FNAC is necessary to confirm the diagnosis of cancer. The treatment plan varies from patient to patient, depending on several factors such as the stage of the tumour, location of the tumour, patient's age, general condition, and occupation.
For early-stage cancer, the treatment is surgery or radiation, and further therapy may be considered if other risk factors of cancer coming back are identified in the final histopathology report. For locally advanced cancers, the treatment is surgery, radiation with or without chemotherapy. For very advanced cancers where it has spread to vital structures or other parts of the body, treatment is not aimed at cure, and lifespan and quality of life can be improved with palliative therapy along with radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or immunotherapy, depending on the general health of the patient.
Amar Jain Hospital offers personalized treatment plans for patients with Head & Neck Cancer. A team of Oncology experts, including Surgical Oncology, Radiation Oncology, Medical Oncology, Pathology, Imaging, and related disciplines, work together to provide the best possible treatment plan. The diagnosis is confirmed through a biopsy or FNAC. The treatment plan varies depending on the stage of the tumor, location, age, general condition, and other factors. For early-stage cancer, surgery or radiation is the treatment. For locally advanced cancers, surgery, radiation, with or without chemotherapy is recommended. For advanced cancers, palliative therapy is aimed at improving lifespan and quality of life.