A heart transplant is a medical procedure in which a person's damaged or diseased heart is replaced with a healthy heart from a deceased donor. It is typically considered as a last resort for patients with end-stage heart failure or severe coronary artery disease that cannot be treated through other means. The surgery involves removing the patient's heart and connecting the donor heart to the patient's blood vessels and other structures. It is a complex and risky procedure that requires a specialized medical team and careful post-operative care. Heart transplantation can offer a new lease of life for people with severe heart conditions, but it is not without risks and requires lifelong follow-up care.
An artificial heart transplant is a procedure of last resort and is usually performed when other treatments, including heart transplants, have failed. It is reserved for patients with severe heart failure that cannot be managed with medication or other therapies. Heart failure can be caused by various conditions, including dilated cardiomyopathy (thickening, enlargement or stiffening of the heart muscles), severe coronary heart disease (plaque buildup in the arteries and scarring of heart tissue due to a heart attack), congenital heart defects, valvular heart disease (defect or damage in one of the heart valves), or failure of a previous heart transplant.
Heart transplant is a treatment of last resort for individuals with end-stage heart failure. However, not everyone is a suitable candidate for this surgery, and patients undergo rigorous screening before being referred for a heart transplant. The evaluation of the recipient is based on various factors, such as the current condition of all organs, the presence of cancer cells, infections and allergies, and the presence of diabetes. Lifestyle habits, including smoking and excessive drinking, are also taken into account during the evaluation process. If the recipient has healthy organs and is free of cancer or other infections, they undergo further screening. However, those who smoke, drink heavily, or have chronic diabetes are often excluded from being considered for a heart transplant. Once the recipient is deemed fit for a transplant, their name is added to the donor waiting list across the country.
Types of heart failure are:
Left-sided heart failure: causes difficulty breathing
Right-sided heart failure: causes swelling, especially in the legs
Systolic heart failure: problems with blood pumping
Diastolic heart failure: problems with blood filling
At Max Hospitals, India, is a leading heart centre that offers treatment for various heart conditions including congenital heart disease, coronary artery disease, heart defects, and pulmonary heart failure.
The Institute has a team of renowned experts and advanced facilities such as operation theatres, catheterization labs, and other cardiac care technologies for effective surgical management of heart, lungs, and blood vessel diseases.
This offers various procedures such as angiography/angioplasty, cardiac surgery, ECMO, heart hole surgery, and vascular interventions, as well as services including arrhythmia management, cardiac health check-ups, and heart transplants.
amar Jain Hospital of Heart and Vascular Sciences provides top-notch treatment for heart issues, supported by modern diagnostic machines. Standard diagnostic tests we offer include: Medical history assessment Physical examination Blood tests Imaging tests (e.g., chest X-ray, CT scan, MRI) Electrocardiogram (ECG) Echocardiogram (ECHO) Stress test Coronary angiogram Biopsy Holter monitoring Cardiac catheterization.
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