The uro-oncologist specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of various cancers affecting organs such as the kidneys, adrenal glands, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra, and the male reproductive organs, which include the testes, epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate, and penis.
Kidney cancer is a condition in which normal cells in the kidney transform into abnormal cells and grow uncontrollably. The kidneys are responsible for filtering the blood and eliminating waste and excess water and salt. Urine is composed of these substances. Symptoms of kidney cancer may include blood in the urine, pain on either side of the lower back, in the side, or in the stomach, a lump in the belly or on the back's side, or unexplained weight loss. Tests such as CT scans, MRI, and ultrasounds can diagnose kidney cancer by creating images of the kidneys. Cancer staging is a way for doctors to determine the extent to which cancer has spread. Treatment options for kidney cancer include surgery, medical treatment with targeted therapy and immunotherapy. After treatment, patients are regularly monitored for recurrence through exams, lab tests, and X-ray tests. In the event of cancer recurrence or spreading, further surgery or medical treatment may be necessary.
Prostate cancer is a prevalent form of cancer that arises in the prostate gland of the male reproductive system. While some prostate cancers grow slowly, others progress rapidly and can spread to other parts of the body, such as the bones and lymph nodes. Typically, prostate cancer is asymptomatic in the early stages, but as it advances, it can cause issues with urination. This type of cancer primarily affects men over the age of 65.
The prostate gland is a small organ situated in the lower abdomen of males. It lies beneath the bladder and encircles the urethra. This gland is regulated by testosterone and produces seminal fluid or semen.
Early detection of prostate cancer while it is still confined to the prostate gland can significantly improve the success of treatment.
Bladder cancer occurs when normal bladder cells undergo genetic changes and grow uncontrollably. The disease is characterized by mild symptoms that may include blood in urine, pain in the back or pelvic area, and frequent or painful urination. Although these symptoms can be indicative of other medical conditions, it is important to consult with a medical professional if you experience any of them.
Doctors can use different types of tests to diagnose bladder cancer, such as urine tests, imaging tests, and cystoscopy. The treatment options for bladder cancer depend on its stage, grade, and the patient's age and medical history. Surgery is the most common treatment for bladder cancer, and the extent of the surgery depends on the size and spread of the cancer. Medications and radiation therapy are also used in some cases.
After treatment, patients are monitored regularly to check if the cancer has returned. If the cancer comes back or spreads, additional surgeries, chemotherapy, or radiation therapy may be necessary. It is important to inform your doctor or nurse of any recurring symptoms to detect the cancer early and provide timely treatment.
Penile cancer is a type of cancer that is rare and occurs either on the skin or within the penis. It primarily affects men who are over the age of 50.
Testicular cancer is an uncommon type of cancer that develops in the testicles, the male reproductive organs responsible for producing sperm and hormones. It can affect men of any age, but it's more common in younger men between the ages of 15 and 35. Treatment options include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.
We provide advanced management for urologic cancers including prostate, adrenal, kidney, upper urinary tracts, bladder, testis, penile, and urethral cancers. Our team uses the latest medical technologies and minimally invasive therapies for early stage cancers, often in a multidisciplinary approach. In advanced/metastatic stage cancers, we use systemic therapy such as chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy. We specialize in robotic and laparoscopic surgeries for nephrectomy, prostatectomy, and cystectomy. Our radiation oncology department uses state-of-the-art facilities for IMRT, IGRT, and SBRT. Uro-Medical Oncology provides judicious use of chemotherapy, targeted therapy, hormonal therapy, and immunotherapy for the treatment of urological cancers.
To diagnose urologic cancer, a thorough evaluation is conducted using a systematic approach. The patient's medical history, symptoms, physical exam, and screening tests are considered. Symptoms can vary based on the specific type of cancer and may include abdominal pain, blood in urine, elevated hormone levels, and an enlarged prostate. Diagnostic tests, such as biopsies, blood tests, CT scans, and ultrasounds, may be recommended based on the symptoms.
At Amar Jain hospital of Cancer Care, a multidisciplinary team approach is used to provide urologic oncology care. The team includes uro-oncologists, medical oncologists, radiation oncologists, and other cancer care associates who prioritize patient health and well-being. The treatment plan is tailored to each patient's physical, mental, and emotional needs and is discussed in tumor board to offer a wide array of treatment options. Patients can be assured they will receive advanced and effective disease treatment with compassionate guidance through the entire process.