Vascular disease refers to a group of disorders that affect the blood vessels, including the arteries and veins in the circulatory system. When there is a disruption or disorder in the blood flow, it can lead to disability or even death. Vascular surgery is a specialized field of surgery that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of vascular diseases using minimally invasive catheter procedures. This type of surgery is used to treat diseases of the arteries, veins, and lymphatic circulation, but it does not include treatment of intracranial or coronary arteries.
Vascular surgery is an important specialty that helps treat various conditions related to the blood vessels. Some of the conditions that can be treated by vascular surgery specialists in India include carotid artery disease, aneurysms, critical limb ischemia, chronic venous insufficiency, lymphoedema, peripheral vascular disease (PVD), pulmonary embolism, and renal vascular disease. These conditions can lead to serious complications if left untreated and require timely intervention by a qualified vascular surgeon.
When there is an increased demand for oxygen by the heart muscles during physical activity or stress, a Vascular Surgery attack occurs if they don't receive enough oxygen. The causes of this condition may include cold weather, anaemia, heart failure, exercise, hyperthyroidism, emotional stress, large meals, abnormal heart rhythms, heart valve disease, and coronary artery spasm (also known as Prinzmetal angina).
Doctors check symptoms, medical history, perform a physical exam, and blood pressure check. Tests for angina include ECG, echocardiography, stress tests, Holter monitoring, and coronary angiography. Blood tests, cardiac biomarker assays, CBC, serum chemistry, lipid panel, creatinine level, CT/MRI angiography, SPECT, and chest radiography can also be conducted.
To treat Vascular Surgery, lifestyle changes, medications, and interventions such as angioplasty and bypass surgery may be used. Lifestyle changes include quitting smoking, maintaining a healthy diet, regular physical activity, managing stress, and treating underlying medical conditions. Medications like nitrates, aspirin, clot-preventing drugs, beta-blockers, statins, calcium channel blockers, and other blood pressure medications may be prescribed. In some cases, EECP therapy may be recommended. Angioplasty and stent placement can also be used to improve blood flow, while CABG or bypass surgery may be necessary for multiple blockages or when angioplasty is not possible. Prompt treatment is essential for stable and unVascular Surgery.
Complications of Vascular Surgery may include heart attack, sudden death caused by abnormal heart rhythms, and unVascular Surgery. It's important to seek medical attention as soon as any signs of Vascular Surgery appear to prevent these complications.
Vascular Surgery can have various risk factors that include obesity, lack of physical activity, unhealthy eating habits such as consuming high amounts of saturated and trans fats, salt, and sugar, vigorous physical workouts, history of heart disease, use of tobacco products, high blood pressure or hypertension, history of diabetes, high cholesterol, exposure to extremely hot or cold weather, aging, and family history of coronary artery disease in men younger than 45 and women younger than 55.
In general, the prognosis for individuals with Vascular Surgery is positive. By taking medications and making lifestyle changes, the condition can often be improved. In some cases, procedures such as angioplasty/stent or bypass surgery may be necessary.