Gynecologic cancer is an umbrella term used to describe different types of cancer that originate in a woman's reproductive organs. Although they are often grouped together, each type of gynecologic cancer is distinct, with its own set of risk factors, symptoms, and signs.
The risk factors for each type of gynecologic cancer may differ, but some factors are commonly associated with these cancers, such as:
The symptoms of gynecologic cancer may include abnormal vaginal bleeding or discharge, feeling full too quickly or difficulty eating, pelvic pain or pressure, frequent or urgent need to urinate and/or constipation, bloating, abdominal pain or back pain, itching, burning, pain or tenderness of the vulva, and changes in vulva color or skin such as a rash, sores or warts. Risk factors for gynecologic cancer can include persistent infection with certain types of Human Papillomavirus (HPV), family history of cancer, advancing age, smoking, alcohol consumption, obesity, and lack of physical activity. Each specific type of gynecologic cancer has a unique set of risk factors.
Amar Jain Hospital is a leading cancer care facility in India that provides the latest treatments in surgical oncology, radiation oncology, and medical oncology. With six locations across North India, the hospital offers advanced treatments such as IMRT and IGRT, and features cutting-edge facilities like Cone-Beam Computerized Tomography Scan (CBCT Scan) and ExacTrac.
The hospital's radiology department uses state-of-the-art technology and protocols for cancer imaging services, and senior radiologists with expertise in women's oncological imaging provide high-quality reports that have consistently improved patient outcomes. Amar Jain Hospital provides comprehensive treatment for all types of gynecologic cancers, with a strong backup of on-site ICU and other specialty services like cardiology, nephrology, neurology, endocrinology, and gastroenterology.
At Amar Jain Hospital, the Gynaecologic Oncology DMG (Disease Management Group) provides personalized treatment to every patient after in-depth discussions. The team regularly discusses patients at the National Cancer Grid Virtual Tumor Boards, and genetic and molecular information is routinely incorporated to provide precise and personalized treatment. Our gynaecologic cancer treatment begins with staging the disease, which helps the doctor develop the best possible treatment plan and predict the course of the disease.
To lower the risk of developing gynaecologic cancers or detect them early, it is important to pay attention to your body and report any abnormal vaginal bleeding or other signs and symptoms to your doctor immediately. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle by eating a diet rich in fruits and vegetables, exercising regularly, maintaining a healthy weight, avoiding smoking, and practicing safe sex is also recommended. Girls and women between the ages of 9-25 years can receive the Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine to protect against the types of HPV that most often cause cervical, vaginal, and vulvar cancers. It is important to note that Pap testing does not screen for ovarian, uterine, vaginal, or vulvar cancers.
MICC offers different types of gynecological cancer treatment, including surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. The extent of surgery depends on the type of cancer and the patient's health. Chemotherapy uses drugs to stop or slow the growth of cancer cells, and radiation therapy uses high-energy rays to kill cancer cells. The latest radiation therapy at MICC causes minimal side effects with high control.
The five main types of gynecologic cancer are cervical cancer, ovarian cancer, uterine cancer, vaginal cancer, and vulvar cancer.